William Shakespeare has been admired in every age and in every country for the beauty and excellence of his literary creations. It is not only English literature but also world literature that is incomplete without Shakespeare. In his well known career, Shakespeare introduced 1700 words to the world. He is widely regarded as the England's National Poet and the Bard of Avon. Williams Shakespeare was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England and was baptized on April 26, 1564. Shakespeare was the eldest son of the eight sons of Mary Arden, the daughter of a local landowner, and her husband, John Shakespeare, a glover and wood dealer. His extant works consist of approximately 39 plays, 154 sonnets and 2 long narrative poems. His plays have been translated into every major language and are performed more often than that of any other playwright.
At the the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children - Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith. William Shakespeare is the best-selling fiction author of all time. He has written many famous tragedies, comedies, histories as well as tragicomedies like Othello, Macbeth, The Comedy of Errors, The Merchant of Venice and Midsummer Night's Dream. Shakespeare's colleagues John Heminges and Henry Condell published the First Folio, a collection of Shakespeare's most famous 36 plays, which is considered one of the most influential books ever published in the English language. Soon in 1599, he built a theatre namely, The Globe Theatre on the south banks of River Thames.
Shakespeare's first plays were written in the conventional style of the day. Shakespeare's standard poetic form was blank verse, composed in iambic pentameter. In 1593 and 1594, when the theatres were closed because of plague, Shakespeare published two narrative poems on sexual themes, 'Venus and Adonis' and 'The Rape Of Lucrece'. He dedicated them to Henry Wriothsley, Earl of Southampton.
The first recorded works of Shakespeare are Richard III and the three parts of Henry VI. There are 7 seven years of William Shakespeare's life where no records exist after the birth of his twins in 1585. Scholars call this period the "Lost Years". 'The Comedy of Errors' is Shakespeare's shortest play at just 1770 lines long. The longest word in Shakespeare's plays is 'honorificabilitudinitatibus'. He retired to Stratford in 1611 and enjoyed his wealth until his his death on 23rd of April,1616. Shakespeare penned a curse for his grave , daring anyone to move his body. His epitaph was:
Good friend for Jesus' sake forbear,
To dig the dust enclosed here:
Blest be the man that spares these stones,
And cursed be he that moves my bones.
Contributed By: Dhriti Parashar ( Grade 6, Gurukul Global School)